Medical treatment (for example, orlistat [Alli, Xenical]) is available, however it should only be used by persons who are fat and have health hazards. Patients with a BMI of larger than 30 or those with a BMI of greater than 27 who have other medical disorders (such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or high blood cholesterol) that place them at risk for heart disease are frequently prescribed drugs. Medication is not indicated for aesthetic weight loss or for a small quantity of weight loss.
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Weight-loss surgery is also an option for those with severe obesity who have tried and failed to lose weight through other medical treatments. The morbidly obese (those with a BMI greater than 40) or those with a BMI of 35 to 40 who have obesity-related health concerns such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, or severe sleep apnea should undergo bariatric surgery, according to most specialists.
Why is weight loss important?
Maintaining a healthy body weight has numerous health benefits and is critical for both physical and emotional well-being as well as illness prevention. Obesity, excess weight, and body fat have all been linked to an increased risk of a variety of health problems, including diabetes.
High blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, osteoarthritis, several forms of malignancies, sleep apnea, and excessive blood cholesterol levels are all linked to heart disease (including heart attacks).
It should be emphasised that for individuals who are overweight, losing weight can have a significant influence on the health concerns stated above. After losing weight, many overweight persons report improved mood, self-esteem, and motivation, as well as feeling healthier in general.